Gang Exposure and Pregnancy Incidence among Female Adolescents in San Francisco: Evidence for the Need to Integrate Reproductive Health with Violence Prevention Efforts" (2008)
American Journal of Epidemiology. 2008. Vol. 167; 1102-1109
Among a cohort of 237 sexually active females aged 14–19 years recruited from community venues in a predominantly Latino neighborhood in San Francisco, California, the study examined the relation between gang exposure and pregnancy incidence over 2 years of follow-up between 2001 and 2004. A shown increased pregnancy incidence among young women with gang-involved partners highlights the importance of integrating reproductive health prevention into programs for gang-involved youth.